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What Coral Springs, FL Dog Owners Should Know About the New Canine Respiratory Disease

December 15, 2023

You may have noticed recent news coverage about a puzzling new respiratory illness impacting our canine friends. This is something that all dog owners need to be aware of. Pooches all over the country have been infected and, sadly, some have succumbed. A number of organizations, including the agriculture departments of Colorado and Oregon, as well as the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), have issued official warnings. In this article, a veterinarian from Coral Springs, FL provides some insight into this issue.

Canine Respiratory Illness: What Is It?

That is the ten million dollar question. There are many possibilities… and many questions. The new illness has not yet been identified positively.  In fact, we do not yet even know for sure if this is a new strain of something familiar or a completely new disease.

What we do know is that the new canine respiratory illness is definitely a cause for concern. Infected dogs can become extremely ill very quickly. Although many dogs recover with proper treatment, this unfortunately isn’t always the case. A number of pups have succumbed to the illness, with some declining very rapidly. Other dogs faced a difficult fight to recovery: some required surgical intervention, while others were placed on ventilators.

The new illness is similar to kennel cough. However, that can be a bit confusing, as the term kennel cough is used to describe a number of respiratory illnesses in our canine pals. Kennel cough can be caused by bacteria or viruses, and can be mild or life-threatening.

One key distinction? Unlike kennel cough, the mystery illness does not always resolve with treatment.

Which Dogs Are Most At Risk From The New Canine Respiratory Illness?

All of our canine companions are at risk, to some extent or another. However, there are some things that may increase Fido’s risk. Close contact with other dogs is the biggest one, of course. Other pooches at elevated risk include dogs with weakened immune systems, senior dogs, puppies that have not yet received all of their initial vaccinations, and brachycephalic pups, such as English bulldogs and pugs.

What Causes The New Mystery Canine Respiratory Illness?

We’re not sure yet. We are getting closer, though. The University of New Hampshire’s Veterinary Diagnosis Laboratory and Hubbard Center for Genome Studies have identified a pathogen that may be responsible for the outbreak. The pathogen in question has been referred to as a “funky bacterium” and seems very good at avoiding and defeating Fido’s immune system, though more information is needed. They reached this conclusion after studying genetic samples from 70 dogs, all of whom were from New England.

Where Are The New Mysterious Dog Illness Outbreaks Happening?

Several states have reported cases of the unknown disease. The list includes California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington. In Oregon alone, there have been more than 200 cases since August. The outbreak has unfortunately also spread to Canada.

Can People Catch The Mysterious Dog Disease?

The risk of human contamination appears to be very low, according to research conducted by the American Veterinary Medical Association and other organizations. There’s also more good news: the illness does not seem to be spreading to other pets. However, we would recommend washing your hands thoroughly after handling or petting your furry friend, just as a precaution to help prevent spread.

How Widespread Is The Canine Mystery Respiratory Illness?

Getting exact numbers is difficult now. Most states aren’t keeping formal track of the outbreak, and many cases have been reported based on symptoms alone. Additionally, tests can sometimes result in false negatives. Fido may be infected and spreading the disease while still asymptomatic, as there may be a window between the time when he contracts the disease and when he becomes ill enough to need veterinary care.

That said, new cases are still being reported. With the busy holiday season, many pups will be visiting salons or kennels, which may increase the risk. It wouldn’t be surprising if we see an uptick after the holidays.

How Can I Protect My Pup From Mystery Illnesses?

Until a vaccine is developed, there is no sure-fire way to prevent Fido from contracting the respiratory illness. However, there are some things you can do to lower his chances.

In addition to the core vaccines, we recommend the Bordetella vaccine for your four-legged buddy. If your puppy will be in contact with other dogs, such as at daycare, boarding facilities, parks, or even playdates, you should have them vaccinated against these diseases. For more information, please contact your veterinarian.

If you want to be on the safe side, you could consider all doggie gatherings as potential infection hotspots. The most dangerous places are spots where a lot of pups come into close contact, such as groomers’ salons, kennels, dog parks, and doggy daycares. You don’t have to quarantine Fido: just make informed choices about how he interacts with other dogs. It’s reasonable to assume that many places are taking extra measures to disinfect shared items and areas, which will also reduce the risk of the disease spreading. Ask your kennel or groomer about this. For more information, contact your Urbana, IL animal clinic.

The Mystery Disease: What Are The Warning Signs?

Symptoms of this condition are similar to those of other respiratory conditions in dogs. Coughing is the most common. It may start out mildly, but sometimes accelerate quickly. Some dogs have gotten very, very sick within just 24 to 48 hours. 

Other red flags include rapid, labored breathing, discharge from the eyes and nose, dehydration, fever, wheezing, weight loss, and loss of appetite. Your furry friend may also seem very tired, and may spend most of his time snoozing in his doggy bed rather than playing or cuddling. Contact your Coral Springs, FL vet immediately if you notice any of these symptoms.
(Note: if your pet needs emergency care, let the clinic know that he may be infected, so they can take preventative steps to reduce the risk of spread.)

Currently, no definitive test exists for the new respiratory illness for dogs. However, the dogs who were diagnosed with it tested negative for more common respiratory illnesses. Another key indicator? Usually, when a dog gets a cough, it lasts about a week or so. However, this particular cough persists and often only gets worse.

How Do Dogs Spread The Mystery Canine Illness?

Close contact seems to be the culprit. A lot of dogs are getting sick after breathing the same air as infected pups. It could also spread through direct contact between dogs, such as friendly ‘snoot boops’ between Fido and his buddies, or by sharing bowls, toys, and bedding … or that stick at the dog park all the pups want to play with. 

What Coral Springs, FL Dog Owners Should Know About the New Canine Respiratory DiseaseSummary: Dog owners should stay informed about the new canine respiratory disease, particularly if your canine friend has respiratory problems and/or a compromised immune system. While there’s no need to panic or quarantine your pooch, you should watch for warning signs, which include coughing, fatigue, weakness, reduced appetite, and nasal discharge. If you notice anything amiss, contact your Coral Springs, FL veterinarian right away. We’d also just advise making informed decisions about your pet’s social agenda.
Please do not hesitate to contact us, your local Coral Springs, FL pet hospital, if you have any questions about your pet’s health or care. We are committed to providing top quality veterinary care to all of our furry patients.

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